Why family violence leave should be paid
Five days unpaid family violence leave is a significant improvement over no guaranteed leave at all. But research shows that finances and domestic violence are inextricably linked.
Access to a steady income can mitigate the effects of violence and provide avenues out of abuse. Paid family violence leave is one tool to achieve this.
Research shows leaving an abusive relationship can be costly. This includes the cost of relocation (such as breaking a lease or finding alternative housing), medical and counselling bills, increased transportation costs due to moving house or loss of access to a car, as well as lost earnings – among other financial burdens.
The Australian Council of Trade Unions places the total figure at around A$18,000.
Given this, financial hardship can bind women to abusive relationships. As such, the economic backing that ongoing employment supplies can be a critical factor in supporting women to leave abusive relationships. Continued employment can also serve to psychologically bolster victims.
The impact of violence on earnings and employment
Family violence can significantly impact lifetime earnings. This has flow-on effects for victims’ ability to live safe and healthy lives.
In Australia, approximately two-thirds of women experiencing domestic violence are in paid employment.
Research shows a significant correlation between the experience of domestic violence and reduced lifetime earnings. Some studies in the United States show a 25% loss in income associated with abuse.
Victims of domestic violence also experience higher rates of part-time and casual work, lower retirement savings and a lack of job stability. Many lose their jobs as a direct result of violence.
The effects of violence are not only felt while the abuse is ongoing, but can reverberate for at least a further three years after the violence has stopped.
This also has substantial consequences for career progression and therefore potential future earnings.
Originally Published by The Conversation, continue reading here.